Project type: Restoration
Artist: Carlos Cruz-Diez
Status: Undergoing inspection
Project year: 1974
Location: Maiquetía 1162, Vargas, Venezuela.
La Guaira, the capital city of the state of Vargas located 30 km from Caracas, has historically been the gateway to Venezuela and witness to many migratory processes throughout the country’s history, thus becoming its introductory letter to the world. This led to the start of the city’s embellishment in the mid 70’s, integrating works of art into the city’s most emblematic buildings and adding aesthetic value to the industrial appearance of this region. This was a time of unparalleled progress, allowing passers-by to awaken dormant perceptions through art while touring the city. Such was the case of the Simón Bolívar International Airport, into which two key artworks from artist Carlos Cruz-Diez were integrated in the form of Chromatic Ambience, comprising two unique works of unrepeatable nature. The project started in 1974, ending in 1978.
The Simón Bolívar International Airport is, in itself, a great creation and a Cultural Heritage Site for the state of Vargas and the Country. Carlos Cruz-Diez projected a unique and unrepeatable artwork in this terminal’s corridors encompassing 31484 sq. feet (2925 m2), transforming a transit zone into a place of permanence and enjoyment for the senses, due to the fusion of art and architecture. This artwork, which builds on the Couleur Additive investigation, manages to produce color ranges not physically present in it as the viewer walks in sectors or perceives it as a whole.
Carlos Cruz-Diez (Caracas 1923 – Paris, 2019) is a French-Venezuelan artist who lives and works in Paris as of 1960. His plastic proposal, one of the most original within the kinetic movement, unveils the artist as one of the most important color theorists of the 20th century and one of the most prominent figures of contemporary art. His work gravitates around the chromatic phenomenon and comprises eight investigations: Couleur Additive, Physichromie, Induction Chromatique, Chromointerférence, Transchromiea, Chromosaturation, Chromoscope and Couleur à l’Espace. His optokinetic work is exhibited in permanent collections from prestigious museums, such as the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York; Tate Modern in London; Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville and Centre Pompidou in Paris; the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston, and the Wallraf Richartz Museum in Colonia, among others.